Al-Ameen Urdu Markaz
Urdu Markaz Welcomes You!
Al-Ameen Urdu Markaz is all about the restoration of the rights of an Indian language universally known as Urdu, the standardized form of Hindustani Speech, in the modern, secular and democratic Republic of India. These rights have been established in the entire Indian subcontinent through long centuries of our history and usage, our Constitution, and the International Charter of Human Rights. The Markaz is an offshoot of the great Al-Ameen Movement and works independently and exclusively for the restoration of the rights of Urdu and supplements in its own way the efforts of the individuals, organizations and movements that are contributing towards the same cause. The Markaz feels especially closer to the Council for the Promotion of Urdu Language (NCPUL) as it has been doing, since its inception, the most solid and comprehensive work for the promotion of Urdu Language, literature, script, education and culture.

Of all the modern Indian languages, the Urdu language, also named in its long history as Hindvi, Hindi, Hindustani etc. has had the honor of being the only country-wide contact language, the language of composite Indian culture, the mouthpiece of the rising inclusive Indian Nationalism, and the lingua franca of the entire Sub Continent and South Asia. Around the middle of the 19th century, the sudden outburst of extraordinary nationalist fervor of a large section of Indian people against their foreign rulers, forced the British to find ways to regain their hold on the empire for a long time to come. It was in this environment that divisive trends engineered by the foreign rulers in a diverse society came to the surface.

Among other things a campaign of vilification was started against Urdu script, which developed over the years into a revivalist mania. This campaign against Urdu lasted about a hundred years. During these years, the cult of majorityism and exclusive nationalism took roots and became gradually strong enough to influence the mainstream secular freedom movement. Also the Hindu native states were persuaded to stop using Urdu as an official language. Anyway, soon after Independence, the continued long effort at last culminated in depriving Urdu of a century old official status. It was banished from offices, courts, education and even official media. Urduís true nature and historical role as the inevitable language of the unity of our composite culture known as Ganga-Jamni Tehzeeb, and of our inclusive Indian nationalism was totally ignored. All this was due to the ever increasing pressure of communal politics generated by morbid majorityism and exclusive nationalism prevalent in the second quarter of the 20th century. As stated earlier, a hard core elitist group cast in a revivalist mode, first opposed the Urdu script, then the language itself, and then finally invented the myth of "shudh Hindi " which meant partly reviving the classical Sanskrit vocabulary and partly inventing new words to replace the current vocabulary of the mainstream Hindustani Speech whose standardized form is Urdu, a modern Indian language that had replaced, and which alone could replace without a break with the past, the Persian language which was foreign and had dominated the official, educational and literary Indian scene for seven hundred years. The first phase of the campaign was mostly vilification and propaganda against Urdu and a long concerted effort for its replacement in the Hindu native states, and the last phase was throwing out Urdu, and borrowing and manufacturing unfamiliar vocabulary to replace the current words which have been in use for hundreds of years. Thus, what happened was the banishment of Urdu from offices, courts, educational institutions and official media. It was a gross deviation from reality. It was like a dog given a bad name and hanged. What really happened was that in a moment of chauvinist fervor, the modern, broad and inclusive nationalistic approach was abandoned and the familiar, natural homegrown Hindustani was forgotten. There could be sense in replacing a foreign language, but throwing out an Indian language and its replacement by a distorted and artifically manipulated version of the same language was really astonishing. The experience of the past 62 years has shown that the suppression of Urdu has proved to be detrimental to the ease and naturalness of communicative processes. The integrity of the pronunciation of our speech is destroyed. The names of millions of our citizens are mis-spelled and mispronounced. Even our English has gone crazy for the same reason. And post-independent generations of our countrymen are deprived not only of their actual standardised language but also of a remarkable body of Indian literature produced in the past eight hundred years due to lack of acquaintance with Urdu script and absence of Urdu education. However, despite all this, the Hindustani speech has survived with a vengeance. Urdu exists. Such is the nature of a living language used by a people of their own sweet will. Itís no use swimming against the upstream. Urdu today is what it has been for centuries. Its secular and humanist culture has never compromised with injustice of any kind, religious bigotry, social evils, bad manners and vulgarity. In 1957, it had become the mouthpiece of the violent revolt against the foreign rulers.Later, in our peaceful struggle for freedom, Urdu had placed all its resources, of prose, of poetry, of rhetoric and eloquence and of the power of its press at the disposal of the freedom fighters. Nobody can deny the fact that Urdu had been an active participant in Indiaís freedom struggle from 1857 to 1947. However, the irony is that the very freedom when it came about, it dismissed Urdu with a single stroke of pen. This language has grown up among the diverse people living across this great land. It is their own language and an integral part of their personality. It is through this language that they communicate with one another with ease and comfort. This is the reason why it is very much alive and will remain so in all circumstances.

Urdu is the mother tongue of millions of people in its regions, and the contact-language elsewhere. It certainly is the language of our composite culture, and on top of all, the representative language of our all- inclusive Indian Nationalism. As such it has always promoted unity and accommodation for all in India's diverse cultures, races, languages, castes, creeds and regions. It is inevitable for a peaceful co-existence. This great Indian language is universal, truly secular and has a rich literature in prose and poetic forms contributed by the poets and men of letters coming from all sections of our diverse society, of whom quite a few are world famous. In the year of India's independence when Urdu received a setback, our great men of the highest caliber and integrity like Mahatma Gandhi, Maulana Azad, Dr. Zakir Husain, and a prominent ICS officer and great scholar Dr.Ram Babu Saxena who wrote History of Urdu Literature in English and had advocated for Urdu to be awarded the status of the countryís national language, expressed concern about this injustice in their own ways, which set off a movement for the restoration of the rights of Urdu. Al-Ameen Urdu Markaz started in the year 2003, is a step in the same direction to support the same movement, and has tried to define clearly all its parameters and aspects in the broader perspective of India's ever developing composite culture and broad-based nationalism. The Markaz has been advocating, since the year of its inception, that the following steps be taken by the powers that be in order to restore the rights of Urdu and provide this great Indian language the space it deserves in the current scheme of things:

  1. The promotion of the script, literature, and culture of Urdu language through education and official use.
  2. Making Urdu the second official language of the country.
  3. Providing Primary and Secondary education in Urdu through state-run Urdu medium schools for the children whose mother tongue is Urdu.
  4. Providing unhindered recognition of and flow of financial support to the Urdu- community-run Urdu medium educational institutions by the central or state governments.
  5. Making provision for teaching Urdu as an optional subject in educational institutions all over the country.
  6. Giving Urdu in its regions as first language the same treatment that is given to all other Indian languages in their regions.
  7. Providing Urdu language connectivity to modern and technical education facilitating employment.
  8. Providing in the states like Uttar Pradesh state-run Urdu medium Primary and Secondary schools without pretexts of any kind,especially in Minority concentrated towns and villages.
  9. Giving equal treatment to Urdu media in the matter of financial support,ads,sources of news and the official coverage of news.
  10. Restoration of minority status to all the educational institutions created by the minority communities before and after the enforcement of the Indian constitution in compliance with the basic purpose of Articles 29 and 30 Father's of Constitution had provided them for.
  11. Providing access to all sorts of jobs for graduates of Urdu medium institutions.
  12. Legislating kindly where necessary to facilitate the above provisions.

Al-Ameen Urdu Markaz in its Action Plan has also defined the responsibility of the Urdu Speech Community to do certain things themselves and has clearly stated what the Central and State governments may be democratically persuaded to do for the fullest restoration of the rights of Urdu in a free, democratic and secular India. Urdu is our national heritage and, therefore, may be treated as such by all of us and by all means.

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